We introduce you to important concepts and themes that are to be central to Caribbean climate negotiations, with links to further information.

COP23

The UN climate summit COP 23 convened from 6 to 17 November 2017 in Bonn, Germany, under the presidency of the government of Fiji. This article provides an overview of key issues at stake and a summary of our expectations for the COP 23. 

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1.5°C vs. 2°C

Since 2009 over a hundred Small Island Developing States, Least Developed Countries and many others have been calling for limiting global temperature rise to below 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. Placing the 1.5°C limit alongside the legally binding goal to hold global temperatures “well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels” in the Paris Agreement was a major victory for vulnerable countries.

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Loss & Damages

Loss and damage refers to irreparable losses (loss of lives, species, or land taken over by rising seas) and recoverable damages (damaged buildings, roads, power lines) — what happens when mitigation and adaptation fall short and climate disaster strikes.

At this point, no matter how much emissions are cut or how much we prepare for coming changes, there will still be significant loss and damage from climate change. It is the rich countries, which reaped the benefits of fossil fuel–powered growth, that are causing climate change and are best able to shoulder its costs, or compensation obligations for the effects of climate change.

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Mitigation, Adaptation & Resilience

There are two main policy responses to climate change: mitigation and adaptation.

Mitigation addresses the root causes, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Adaptation seeks to lower the risks posed by the consequences of climatic changes.

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Green Energy & Blue Economy

There are two main policy responses to climate change: mitigation and adaptation.

Mitigation addresses the root causes, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Adaptation seeks to lower the risks posed by the consequences of climatic changes.

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